OMH Capsule: Scientists Discover Largest Bacteria Ever Seen

29 Jun, 2022

Only My Health provides a quick roundup of all the latest health news that you should be aware of. In this episode let's look into top topics including Scientists have discovered the world's largest bacterium in a Caribbean mangrove swamp. Adding cranberries to your diet can significantly enhance your memory and curb unhealthy cholesterol. Vitamin K deficiency can contribute to significant bleeding, poor bone development, osteoporosis, and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Can you eat a little bit of sugar each day without harm, or should you avoid it as much as possible? A new study sheds light on daily sugar consumption.

Scientists Discover Largest Bacteria Till Date

When you hear the word "bacteria," you probably think of microscopic organisms.

However, scientists have discovered the largest bacterium that can be seen with the naked eye.

Thiomargarita magnifica can grow to be as long as a human eyelash. It is larger than some more complex organisms like flies, mites, and worms.

The bacterium is approximately 5,000 times larger than a typical bacteria. It is the equivalent of humans meeting another human taller than Mount Everest. Olivier Gros, a marine biologist, discovered it in the French Caribbean. 

He initially mistook it for a eukaryote due to its large size. However, when examined under a microscope, he discovered that it lacked a defined nucleus and mitochondria. It was later revealed to be a bacterium, much to his surprise.

Consuming Cranberries Enhances Memory, Curbs Bad Cholesterol: Study

According to the most recent research from the University of East Anglia, cranberries have neuroprotective properties, and including them in your diet can significantly improve your memory while also lowering unhealthy cholesterol.

Researchers looked at the effects of eating a cup of cranberries per day on people aged 50 to 80.

The study is one of the first to look into the long-term effects of cranberries on brain health. Cranberries significantly improved participants' memory of everyday events, neural functioning, and blood delivery to the brain, according to the findings.

The researchers hope that their findings will help in the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases like dementia.

Vitamin K Deficiency Can Increase Your Heart Disease Risk

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble compound that aids in blood clotting, bone development, and cardiovascular health.

Vitamin K deficiency, according to a study published in the National Library of Medicine, can lead to significant bleeding, poor bone development, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

According to a study conducted by New Edith Cowan University researchers, people who consume vitamin K-rich diets have a 34% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, which affects the heart and blood vessels.

The findings suggest that eating more vitamin K may help protect against cardiovascular disease.

The National Health Service in the United Kingdom recommends 1 microgram of vitamin K per kilogramme of body weight per day for adults. Vitamin K can be found in green leafy vegetables like broccoli and spinach, as well as vegetable oils and cereal grains.

How Much Sugar Should You Eat in a Day?

Everyone enjoys sugar, right? Two spoonfuls of sugar in your tea, soda at lunch, and jalebi as an evening snack may not appear to be a bad idea, but this diet is a sugar overload.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, eating too much sugar can lead to health problems such as heart disease and diabetes. As a result, it's critical to limit your daily sugar intake.

Most adults should limit their sugar intake to 50 grammes per day, according to experts. While this may appear to be a lot, sugar can sneak its way into your diet without your knowledge.

Cereal, energy bars, baked snacks, tea, and coffee may appear to be healthier options, but they may also contain a lot of sugar.

This is why it is critical to double-check the sugar content before consuming them under the impression that they are healthier options.

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